The tensile properties of latex coatings were investigated with a set of custom formulated artist-type paints at an age of 1 year. All films in the study contained a poly(methyl methacrylate-cobutyl acrylate) binder exhibiting a glass-transition at approximately 10 °C. The viscoelastic behaviour of the latex matrix is first highlighted through a series of experiments involving different strain histories and temperatures. Influence of the inorganic particle concentration and geometry is then illustrated using TiO2 and calcined kaolin for the secondary phase. Experimental data from a wide range of conditions are summarised through master curves of secant modulus and failure strains using time–temperature superposition. The results indicate that the latex films behave in a rheologically simple manner and it is possible to predict the response outside of the experimental time-scale. An analysis by similar methods is also given for TiO2 pigmented films with/without surfactant removed by immersion in water. Differential scanning calorimetry and atomic force microscopy were also used in conjunction with mechanical tests. The combined findings suggest that a fraction of surfactant migrates to the TiO2interface during film formation, where it interferes with adhesion of the acrylicmatrix.
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- Resource type
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, NSERC Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, NSERC
- Journal title
Progress in Organic Coatings